Web hosting is a service that launches a website or a page on the Internet. It’s a virtual foundation for a website on the Internet. Every website occupies a special place on the server or the whole server. Web hosting manages the cooperation between a website and server. There are web-hosting packages of different qualities. Usually, uptime, data speed and quantity of transfer define the quality of the hosting.
Web hosting provides a necessary place on the server for the website. It allows website operate and makes it visible to the Internet users. In the simple word, users buy space from the web hosting company and the company helps them to adjust the hosting to the website and computer.
Web hosting company is a set of professionals, who sell the space on the server (hosting), help to adjust it, and maintain the work during the whole time the person uses purchased package. The companies offer different plans – cheaper and more expensive with an additional option. Some companies charge an additional price for Database hosting, file hosting, e-mail hosting, DNS services. Others provide these essential options for free.
When you choose a hosting independently, you should pay attention to the following characteristics:
In fact, such characteristics as disk space and bandwidth are individual. Before purchasing the package, calculate the characteristic that you need.
SSL or Secure Sockets Layer is a standard security technology that encrypts link between a web server and a browser. It guarantees that all data transferred to the website or to the user remains private. Millions of websites worldwide use this technology to secure connection between their users and protect information during transactions.
In order to launch SSL, the website owner has to purchase SSL certificate. Then a server generates two cryptographic keys – Private Key and Public Key.
Domain name is a name of the website. It’s the Internet address that people use to get website’s access. In order to find the website, people can use either IP address or a domain name. It’s easier to remember and use the domain name.
A domain name can be the combination of letters and numbers of different size plus domain extensions (.com, .net, .org, etc.). Every domain name is unique. Therefore, it must be registered before. This is the domain name sample: www.domain.net.
Around ten types of different web hosting plans serve different types of websites. A person that wants to launch a blog won’t choose the same hosting as a person that needs a website for business.
There are three main web-hosting types: shared, dedicated, and VPS hosting. People also use cloud and reseller plans.
There are specific plans that have a limited function:
The main characteristic of the dedicated hosting is that the owner gets access to his own server and manages it independently or with the help of client’s support. It’s more convenient than the shared hosting because the website owner can manage the server independently choosing such characteristic as an operating system, hardware, etc.
Still, the price of such plans is usually quite high.
Shared hosting is one of the cheapest solutions for website owners. In this case, several websites share one server. This fact reflects in the speed of the website and the overall quality of the hosting. Still, shared hosting is good for small websites that don’t need large storage and bandwidth.
VPS or virtual private server hosting combines features of dedicated and shared hosting. It offers a secure platform that acts as one physical machine but is divided into multiple virtual machines. Though several websites share the server, they don’t depend on each other and have own full-fledged operating system. Each server can be independently rebooted.
Cloud hosting uses Cloud technologies that are so popular nowadays. Virtual space (Cloud) gathers the unlimited number of users (machines) and allows them to work as one system. Cloud hosting is good due to its possibilities that contribute to the website growth (additional space or RAM).
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